British lawmakers defeated Boris Johnson in parliament Tuesday in a bid to prevent him taking Britain out of the EU without a divorce agreement, prompting the prime minister to announce that he would immediately push for a snap election.
The government was defeated by 328 to 301 on a motion put forward by opposition parties and rebel lawmakers in Johnson's party, who had been warned they would be kicked out of the Conservative Party if they defied the government.
这21名倒戈的保守党议员包括前财长菲利普·哈蒙德（Philip Hammond）、二战时期首相邱吉尔的孙子尼古拉斯·索姆斯（Nicholas Soames），以及在下议院担任议员最长时间的肯尼斯·克拉克（Kenneth Clarke）。 此前，约翰逊曾发出警告称，如果有保守党议员试图阻止英国“无协议脱欧”，他们将被逐出保守党，且无法以保守党候选人身份参加下届议会选举。 "The chief whip is speaking to those Tory (Conservative) MPs (members of parliament) who did not vote with the government this evening. They will have the Tory whip removed," the spokesman from Johnson's office said on Tuesday.
The 21 Conservative rebels who now face expulsion from the party include Nicholas Soames, the grandson of Britain's World War II leader Winston Churchill, and two former finance ministers, Philip Hammond and Kenneth Clarke.
More than three years after the UK voted in a referendum to leave the EU, the defeat leaves the course of Brexit unresolved, with possible outcomes still ranging from a turbulent no-deal exit to abandoning the whole endeavor.
Tuesday's victory is only the first hurdle for lawmakers, enabling them to take control of parliamentary business.
On Wednesday they will seek to pass a law forcing Johnson to ask the EU to delay Brexit for a third time until January 31 unless he has a deal approved by parliament beforehand on the terms and manner of the exit.
It puts Johnson in a similar bind to that faced by his predecessor Theresa May, who failed three times to get the backing of lawmakers for the Withdrawal Agreement that she had negotiated with the EU. Johnson took over from her six weeks ago with a promise that his more robust approach would force a better deal out of the EU that would satisfy parliament.
"I don't want an election, but if MPs vote tomorrow to stop negotiations and compel another pointless delay to Brexit, potentially for years, then that would be the only way to resolve this," Johnson told parliament after the vote.
Johnson's government will now seek to hold a vote on Wednesday to approve an early election, most likely on October 14. This would pit the avowed Brexiteer against Labor leader Jeremy Corbyn, a veteran socialist.
In the Brexit maelstrom, though, it was unclear whether opposition parties would support such a move, which requires the support of two-thirds of the 650-seat House of Commons.
Corbyn has long demanded an election as the best way out of the crisis, but many of those seeking to prevent a no-deal Brexit say Johnson could time the poll to ensure that parliament cannot prevent an October 31 departure – with or without a deal.
After the vote, Corbyn told Johnson that he must get the Brexit delay bill that will be discussed on Wednesday passed before trying to call an election.